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Mt. Kilimanjaro Declining Snow Worries The President

BY DAVID MUWANGA, 23 SEPTEMBER 2012

Arusha — Tanzania President Jakaya Kikwete has decried the country’s changing weather patterns that have resulted into among others the declining snow at Mt. Kilimanjaro.

He said in many parts of Tanzania, temperature has increased by about 0.2 to 0.6 degree centigrade for the past 30 years whose impact is evidenced by the fast decline of snow on Mount Kilimanjaro and the advent of malaria in high altitude temperate regions that were formerly malarias free.

Mount Kilimanjaro which is Africa’s highest peak attracts more than 35,000 annual climbers and the earnings from the total in-country tourists expenditure is averaged at around US$ 50 million (Tsh80 billion/-) per year.

According to the SNV-Overseas Development Institute (ODI) study, the Tsh80 billion/- generated by Mt Kilimanjaro per year, is also a significant economic input in a rural context.

The study found that 28 percent of the tourism earnings from Mt Kilimanjaro which is equivalent to over US$ 13 million or 20.8 billion/- is considered pro-poor expenditure, on that it goes straight into the pockets of local people there.

Funded by the Netherlands Development Organization (SNV), the ODI study concluded that it was the world’s highest and most successful transfer of resources from international tourists to poor people in the locality.However President Kikwete said the weather patterns have changed significantly, in Tanzania, making rainfall less predictable while droughts have become both frequent in occurrence and last longer compared to few years back.

“When rains come, they do so with vengeance causing floods with accompanying destruction of crops, properties and even lives,’ he said at the closing of a one week 14th session of the African Ministerial Conference on Environment (AMCEN) held at the Arusha International Conference Centre (AICC).

” Sea levels are rising at alarming pace and several parts of coastal regions are at risk of being sub-merged like the town of Pangani, there are already some parts that are now completely under sea as is the case of Mazwe Island near Pangani,” he said.

He attributed the environmental degradation threats to inappropriate human decisions and actions adding that developing countries particularly those in Sub-Saharan Africa are suffering the most for they lack the capacity to adapt and mitigate the effects of climate change and environmental degradation.

“The majority of these countries are either poor or marginally above the poverty line, as a result they do not have adequate financial resources, technology and human skills to respond effectively to the challenges,” he added.

“It is important to note that, these countries contribute the least to the serious environment challenges threatening our planet, they contribute minimally to carbon emissions which are responsible for global warming,” he said.

He emphasized that those countries which contribute the most to global carbon emission should bear the biggest burden in the efforts to redress the situation.

“The principle of equitable but differentiated responsibility is both rational and justified, those who pollute more should shoulder a bigger burden of cleaning up and rehabilitating the environment, they also have a responsibility to those who suffer because of their actions and inaction,” he noted.

“Unfortunately, they are not doing enough, whereas they realise and accept responsibility they fall short of taking the right actions at the appropriate time,” he said adding that fortunately, these are countries with the financial resources, technology and skills to do it.

“The only thing that remains wanting on their part is political will. It is this deficit which has made global efforts fails to reach the desired outcomes,’ he said.

 

Source: allAfrica


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U.K. Seeks to Use Climate Funds to Spur Kenyan Geothermal

By Alex Morales on September 26, 2012

The U.K. government plans to spur use of Britain’s green technology and financial expertise for geothermal and wind power projects in Ethiopia, Kenya and Tanzania by tapping billions of pounds of state funds.

Energy and Climate Change Minister Greg Barker said he will head a trade delegation, including 30 executives from 19 U.K. companies, to the East African countries from Oct. 1 to 5. The markets have the potential to develop more than 15,000 megawatts of geothermal power, as well as wind and hydropower, he said.

The low-carbon industry, including renewable generation and energy efficiency, is expected to be worth 4 trillion pounds ($6.5 trillion) by 2015, the minister said, and he wants London to remain the global center for raising “green finance.”

“There’s a huge opportunity here to use the climate change agenda to drive investment and growth,” Barker said. “I’m looking to identify projects where a small investment of money from the international climate funds can trigger much larger flows of private sector capital into these new markets.”

The U.K. will aim to use its 3 billion-pound International Climate Fund to spur private investment instead of relying only on aid to finance low-carbon generation in Africa. Such plans will help developed nations meet a pledge to increase world climate funding to $100 billion a year from 2020, he said.

Development and green charities say $100 billion is too low to help the poorest countries adapt to the ravages of climate change. Oxfam has said the pledge needs to be doubled, while WWF and Greenpeace have said much of the spending should come from states because private investment flows are too unpredictable.

Aviation Tax

Campaign groups have said an emissions tax on international shipping and aviation would be a potential source of funding.

Bunge Ltd.’s Climate Change Capital, an investor in greenhouse-gas credits, Parhelion Underwriting Ltd., a carbon- credit insurer, the building and engineering consultant Parsons Brinckerhoff Ltd., and Cluff Geothermal Ltd. will join Barker.

Cluff Geothermal Managing Director George Percy said the minister can lobby Kenya to bring more “clarity” to laws and make power-purchase deals less “expensive and time-consuming.”

“We want a more streamlined approach and more clarity from the outset,” Percy said in a phone interview. Cluff is bidding with TransCentury Ltd. (TCL), a Nairobi-based infrastructure company, for a geothermal energy contract in Kenya’s Menengai region.

Kenya has capacity to provide 7,000 to 10,000 megawatts of geothermal energy, mainly in the Rift Valley, the U.K. energy department says. Tanzania could generate 650 megawatts of power from the Earth’s heat, while Ethiopia has the potential for 5,000 megawatts of geothermal energy, 10,000 megawatts of wind power and 45,000 megawatts of hydroelectricity, it says.

China, Japan

“The Kenyan, Tanzanian and Ethiopian governments will probably be more familiar with German, Japanese and Chinese companies in these sectors, and I’m very much going out there in order to put U.K. companies on the map,” Barker said.

Developed nations including the U.K. and U.S. pledged in December 2009 to help raise $100 billion a year from 2020 to finance developments that will cut carbon emissions and help poorer countries adapt to the effects of climate change.

A three-year period that sought to plow $30 billion of so- called fast-start finance into climate projects will end in December, and countries at United Nations climate talks have yet to explain how they’ll ramp up aid to meet the 2020 pledge.

“We’re committed to mobilizing that $100 billion figure but the delivery will come from both public and private sector,” the minister said in the interview. “Smart strategic use of public funds can mobilize a much larger amount.”

Pre-Eminent Center

Gentoo Group Ltd., Temporis Capital LLP, Arup Group Ltd. and Aldwych International Ltd. will also join the delegation. Delegates expect to meet officials including Tanzanian Prime Minister Mizengo Kayanza Peter Pinda, Kenyan Prime Minister Raila Odinga, and energy and finance ministers from all three nations on the intinerary, according to Barker’s department.

“More money was raised out of London in the last 12 months to fund international renewable projects than any other financial center,” he said. “I want London to continue to be the pre-eminent center for raising that finance.”

To contact the reporter on this story: Alex Morales in London at amorales2@bloomberg.net.

To contact the editor responsible for this story: Reed Landberg at landberg@bloomberg.net.

Source: Bloomberg News


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20 world researchers studying Dar climate change

BY BEATRICE PHILEMON

A Total of 20 researchers from eight countries in the world are in Tanzania for seven days to discuss issues pertaining to climate change, conduct research and assess the vulnerability of urban structures and lifelines in Dar es Salaam.

From this they would develop a new methodology to be used to adopt and mitigate the impact of climate change in the country’s leading commercial city as well as other cities.

The participating countries are German, Denmark, South Africa, Senegal, UK, Ethiopia, Cameroon and Italy.

Acting Director Post graduate Studies, Research and Publications at Ardhi University Dr Riziki Shemkunde, revealed this on Friday at the International Workshop on Climate Change and Urban Vulnerability organised by the university.

“These researchers are in Tanzania to help us to do research in urban areas because many places in Dar es Salaam have been affected by induced hazards, floods, sea level rise, drought and land slide.

He said that climate change has caused coastal erosion, emigration, poverty in some families, cyclones, while temperatures are also on the increase in the city, according to the researchers.

Dr Shemkunde also said that the researchers are in Tanzania to share ideas with their counterparts on how they could work together in terms of research and develop methods and knowledge to mitigate the impact of climate change in five African cities including Dar es Salaam, Douala, Port Louis, Ouagadougou, and Addis-Ababa.

Last week, the researchers conducted a visit at Msasani-Bonde la Mpunga and Magomeni Suna, at beach areas affected by sea erosion as they began to work on methodological model to be adopted to mitigate induced impacts of climate change.

Currently a research on social vulnerability to climate change-case study is being conducted at Bonde la Mpunga and Magomeni Suna.

Julius Ningu, who is Director of Environment, Vice President Office said that vulnerability of African cities is influenced, not only by changing biophysical conditions, but also by the social, economic, political, institutional and technological deficiencies.

He was speaking on behalf of Deputy Minister, Vice President Office, Charles Kitwanga.

Source: The Guardian


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Cassava cushions Tanzanian farmers from climate impacts

By Kizito Makoye

TONGWE, Tanzania (AlertNet) – Changing weather patterns have forced farmers in Muheza district in Tanzania to move away from growing traditional crops and switch to cassava, which is playing an increasing role in lifting communities out of poverty.

With help from agricultural experts, farmers are learning to cultivate drought-resistant varieties of cassava with enough success that they can feed their family and reap economic dividends from processing and selling their crop surplus.

Over the years, farmers in districts such as Muheza in Tanga, the country’s northernmost coastal region, have been dependent on seasonal rainfall to plant their food and cash crops, which include tea, maize, beans, yams and potatoes.

But worsening persistent drought, which experts believe is associated with climate change, has tightened its grip in eastern parts of Tanzania since 2008, destroying the livelihoods of many poor villagers.

According to the Ministry of Agriculture and Food Security, about 11 of the country’s regions have been severely affected by the drought.

The 2,500 residents of Tongwe village, on the slopes of the Usambara Mountains, have not been spared by the extreme weather. In order to survive, Tongwe’s farmers have abandoned traditional crops and tried growing cassava instead, with help from researchers from Sokoine University of Agriculture (SUA).

The crop has turned out to be an unexpected blessing for Tongwe’s villagers, many of whose lives have changed for the better over the past four years despite the ongoing drought.

Mohamed Rajabu, a Tongwe farmer, said that cassava production had transformed his life and that of his family. Despite the drought, he now produces more than enough of the crop to meet his domestic needs.

The starch and protein content of cassava is sufficient to ensure proper nutrition for Rajabu’s family throughout the year, and he can sell the surplus in the form of cassava flour.

The university cassava project aims to improve and scale up cassava production in the eastern zone of Tanzania through the use of existing and improved local technologies. It is being funded by the Norwegian government as part of an agreement with SUA.

Project leader Valerian Silayo said that besides facing climate pressures, farmers in the region often grow crops unsuited to the conditions of particular agro-ecological zones. To help deal with both problems, the project has introduced high-yielding disease-tolerant varieties of cassava to the farmers in Tongwe.

The farmers are instructed in scientific approaches to tackle the diseases that affect the crop, and have been taught to remove and destroy infected cassava in the field by digging out and completely removing the affected plants so they do not infect others.

“Previously we found it very difficult to plant cassava because most of the time the seeds got rotten,” said Elizabeth Paul, a resident of Mikongeni village in Muheza.  But now we have been trained to deal with the diseases.”

NEW PRODUCTS, NEW PROFITS

Farmers also have gotten assistance transforming their excess cassava production into products they can sell.

“We help them to improve the quality of cassava products so that they can be sold in cities,” said Silayo. “This will stimulate production of cassava, increase its consumption and improve the purchasing power of the people in the research area.”

The United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization estimates that about 600 million people depend on cassava in Africa, Latin America and Asia. Cassava grows in tropical conditions, and is mainly cultivated by poor farmers.

With support from SUA, the villagers have built a cassava processing centre in Tongwe, run by the farmers themselves. The centre is equipped with both manual and power-operated chippers and graters, and machines for squeezing water from grated cassava, which helps avoid post-harvest deterioration. The cassava flour is then dried before being sold.

Rajabu is a leader of the Tongwe Farmers Group, whose more than 130 members share the profits from the processing centre’s sales according to the amount of production they have contributed.

“We had organized ourselves to form this group, and I am pleased to say that SUA researchers have immensely assisted us to streamline this business, particularly on scientific ways to get better yields,” Rajabu said.

A kilo of processed cassava flour fetches between 1,500 and 1,800 Tanzanian shillings per kilo (about $0.95 to $1.14) in Dar es Salaam and Tanga, the primary markets for the farmers group, he said. By comparison, maize flour is currently sold at between 800 and 1,000 shillings per kilo (about $0.51 to $0.63).

Before he started growing cassava, Rajabu said he found it increasingly difficult to support his family as a result of poor harvests caused by low rainfall. But growing demand for the new crop now assures him an adequate income, he said.

On his 10-hectare (25-acre) farm, he plants cassava in phases so that he has several harvest seasons.

“The good thing about cassava is that it does not need much water when planting it, so we plant as much as we possibly can,” he said.

As a result of its growing production, the Tongwe Farmers Group recently entered into an agreement with a local supermarket chain, Imalaseko, which will purchase processed cassava at market prices.

The crop has improved Rajabu’s economic security to the point that he has been able to branch out into other businesses as well. He has invested some 3 million shillings (about $1,900) of his profits from cassava sales in a shop which he now owns in Tongwe, supplying villagers with basic supplies such as soap, sugar, plastic utensils, salt and cooking oil.

Kizito Makoye is a Tanzanian journalist based in Dar es Salaam.

Source: AlertNet


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Tanapa builds dams, drills boreholes for wild animals

BY CORRESPONDENT

The Tanzania National Parks Authority (Tanapa) has begun building dams and drilling boreholes in its parks countrywide in an effort to provide additional drinking water sources for wild animals.

Tanzania National Parks

The decision was reached by the Tanapa management in response to climatic changes that have resulted from scarcity of rains, leading to long dry spells that cause wildlife to lack drinking water.

Tanapa public relations manager Pascal Shelutete made the revelation yesterday before journalists who toured Mkomazi National Park to witness construction of some dams being built there.

He said the issue of clime climate was a global concern and that measures taken by the authority were meant to enable wild animals have access to drinking water within the shortest possible distance.

He said already some wild animals have started dying due to lack of drinking water, while some invade people’s residential areas in search for the life-giving liquid.

“Earlier, the policy did not allow introduction of any terrain within the parks, but now we are forced to build dams and drill wells due to climatic change…we want to prevent wild animals from going into people’s homes,” stressed Shelutete.

For her part, Mkomazi National Park conservator Beatrice Ntambi said a large section of the park has been badly hit by dry spells, and that already six dams spaced out at a distance of 14 kilometres form each other have been built, whereby four of them currently produces water.

She said plans were underway to widen the dams to meet the demand, whereby some wind-driven water pumps would be installed at boreholes to help supply the dams with water.

Mkomazi park chief warden Dominick Tarimo said in an effort to combat poaching, warders have been conducting road and air patrols to monitoring movements of wild animals and providing them with protection.

Source: The Guardian


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How climate change is transforming Maasai pastoralists’ life

By Lucas Liganga, The Citizen Chief Reporter, Longido

Wearing a broad smile, Ngaiyok Legilisho Kipainoi poses for a picture in front of his house under construction. PHOTO | LUCAS LIGANGA

He talks more about the doings of modern societies and every time he moves from one homestead to another everybody can tell his way from the trail of dust that follows his motorcycle.  On meeting Ngaiyok Legilisho Kipainoi many of his long-time friends would assume he had been out of his native Mairowa pastoral village for some time and has just returned.

In reality Kipainoi, 35, is already in a world away from the destitution and social tension that gripped the north-eastern Tanzania rangelands in 2009 in the wake of a devastating drought. The past three years or so have seen the worst socio-economic crisis in the Maasai pastoral communities in recent history.

The drought has immensely cost the nation in lost productivity, but traditional cattle breeders in this area compute its toll on the decimated herds of livestock.

Available figures show that Longido District in Arusha Region, suffered a loss of at least 120,000 head of cattle, which was slightly over half of its total herd of 200,000.

The drought’s impact on the people’s lives and their livestock is still visible in many villages of Engarenaibor ward even after recent rains brought back a flush of green on the ground.

But the good news is that, together with the improved weather condition, there is a gradual turnaround of the pastoralists’ way of life. While they boast of owning thousands of cattle, only a few dozen have survived and breeders admit, they have now realised that real wealth is not in big herds.

“The days of keeping many heads of cattle for prestige are gone—thanks to the 2009 drought. It has taught us a lesson. A lesson to adapt to climate change,” said Kipainoi.

Indeed the lesson has come home to every pastoralist as they strive for a fresh interaction with the environment. Being able to cope with climate change, however, has not enabled them to escape from poverty.

But in the way Kipainoi assesses his fellow villagers, they are actually “graduating from the culture of keeping livestock for fame to increasing the productivity of their animals in a well-managed manner.”

For many years, the Maasai pastoralists had resisted government pressure and persuasion to destock their herds until the drought opened their eyes to see livestock as a commodity.

“We have started selling our animals and we use the proceeds to build decent homes or pay school fees for our children,” explained Kipainoi, who has a family of two wives and six children. All children are attending primary school.

At the onset of the drought Kipainoi boasted a herd of 480 cattle, but he emerged from the catastrophe with less than half of the stock.

“After the drought we realised that our local Zebu breed can withstand adverse weather conditions and are well adapted to the environment. So, if we are to improve earnings from livestock, without risking another loss to drought, we must practise proper animal husbandry,” Kipainoi emphasised as he stood by his new motorcycle at the construction site of his new home.

Pastoralists are likely to remain vulnerable to climatic shocks if the right strategies and appropriate structures are not put in place to end overexploitation of natural pastures and water resources.

According to Kipainoi, pastoralists in this district have started selective breeding in order to build up a productive stock that is also resilient to climatic changes.

“This involves selling cattle that are weak and cross-breeding a new stock from animals that display strong characteristics of high productivity and resilience. For example, preferred animals are those that feed selectively on the range, can trek long distances and are resistant to local diseases,” he said.

Ongoing experiments concentrate on cross-breeding exotic races with local Zebu and Borana cattle and popularisation of the Gabra goat breed.

“Our plan is to ensure that calving takes place at the start of the short rainy season when fresh pastures enable cows to yield more milk. In that way calves stay healthy enough to survive their first dry spell and then benefit from the long rains before the long dry season sets in,” Kipainoi explained.

Meanwhile, village elders, locally known as Laigwanani , in Engarenaibor ward have set restrictions on communal grazing areas reserved for a specific time of the year, known as ronjo, said Ngaya Samria, an elder of Sinoniki village.

Samria, who lost 202 heads of cattle to the drought and now remains with 68, said the restrictions for management of pastureland are based on seasons.

“The elders are responsible for general utilisation of natural resources and serve as the local authority that determines the carrying capacity of range areas,” he said.

According to Samria, the Morani (young Maasai warriors) scout around for suitable rangeland but the final decision on land usage is taken by the elders. Individual households (manyatta) take care of their immediate surroundings where they keep milk cows and goats.

To back up the pastoralists’ efforts, the Arusha-based Tanzania Natural Resource Forum (TNRF) has come up with a climate change adaptation project that focuses on the drylands of Longido, Monduli and Ngorongoro districts in Arusha region.

This project is technically supported by the London-based International Institute for Environment and Development (IIED) with a view of improving Tanzania’s planning system so that it can adapt to climate change.
Similar projects are under way in Ethiopia, Kenya and Nepal, said Ced Hesse, IIED researcher on drylands development issues.

“I think the project idea that TNRF and IIED are pursuing is quite good, especially the process they have taken of involving major stakeholders in various steps. It is likely that it will be a success story,” remarked Abdallah Said Shah, Head of the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) in Tanzania.

Since development planners usually do not consider climate change, it is important to undertake a mainstreaming process which would ensure that issues related to climate change are taken on board since they affect development programmes, Shah said.

Hesse cautioned that climate change would hit Tanzania’s drylands earlier and harder than other regions of the country because of a historical legacy of limited and inappropriate development in those areas.

“Dryland communities who have experienced severe droughts for hundreds of years have important strategies and institutions for adapting to climate change. They can, therefore, teach us something about adaptation,” Hesse noted.

In his view, the problem is that the ability of local people to adapt to climate change has been eroded, not because their strategies are not good, but because modern laws and policies have ignored traditional knowledge and institutions.

“This has left local people more vulnerable to climate change,” said Hesse, noting as another problem, the lack of complimentary effect between traditional and formal government planning systems.

It is for this reason the IIED project seeks to improve the planning process, partly in view of the 2009 drought.
“But it has a broader and longer-term perspective to strengthen the capacity of local governments in their planning systems so that they can better adapt to climate change that will result in more severe and more frequent droughts and floods  in the future,” Hesse added.

Carol Sorensen, TNRF coordinator, said villagers in drylands have realised that land use planning had either not been done or not been enforced.

“They have discovered that water and rangelands should be better managed if they want to live off their herds. They have discovered that land is limited, and that crops and settlements need to be controlled and situated in the areas most suitable for these activities,” added Sorensen, a community-based natural resource management expert.

Rangelands management systems have largely not been well understood by policy makers and politicians. And, according to experts in the field, this situation pertains not only in Tanzania but nearly everywhere pastoralists operate.

As Sorensen observed: “Traditionally, pastoralists do not kill or eat wildlife, believing that wildlife are one of God’s signs that there is peace and plenty in the land, and that to harm these animals will bring disaster.”

Therefore, pastoralists should be legally guaranteed access to land and water in clearly demarcated areas since they too have wildlife interests at heart for the benefit of tourism, she said.

Alais Morindat, IIED consultant on the project on mainstreaming climate change adaptation in drylands development planning in Tanzania, said the project was aimed at designing a longer-term action-research programme that will test approaches and mechanisms to mainstream climate change adaptation into pastoralists development planning.

He said this preparatory phase is being implemented in partnership with the local government authorities of Monduli, Longido and Ngorongoro Districts, relevant national institutions such as the Tanzania Meteorological Agency, the Vice-President’s Office responsible for climate change, customary leaders and civil society organisations.
Over 6000 thousands pastoralists were affected by the drought in the six districts.

Mr Morindat said the 2009 drought has changed the pastoralists’ perception and way of life.
“It has also forced or rather challenged them re-think about their future and a need of  for them re think about their future and a need for them to adopt scenarios planing.That is to say they have to plan for when the rains are good and at the same time plan for a situation when the rains are bad or poor”, he said.

Longido: Scars of 2009 drought still fresh

Ngaiyok Legilisho Kipainoi on his motorcycle. PHOTO | LUCAS LIGANGA

By Lucas Liganga, The Citizen Chief Reporter
Longido. Miseries and anguish inflicted on pastoral communities of Longido district in Arusha region by the 2009 drought that was attributed to climate change are still fresh in the minds of its surviving victims.

Folks here recall incidents of heart attacks and sudden deaths that gripped communities in the wake of the devastating drought.

Hamadi Hussein, a veteran driver, has details of the catastrophe at his fingertips. “It’s not a joke,”  he narrates, “a septuagenarian called Nairowa Dalis of Ising’eto village in Mundalala ward suffered high blood pressure when four of his many children asked for school fees after being selected to join Form I.”

Apparently, the old man was not overjoyed, but he was shocked by the new demand because the drought had just wiped out his herd of over 2,000 cattle while he shouldered a burden of responsibilities, including care for over 20 wives, several children and grandchildren. He never recovered and passed away.

Joshua Emmanuel Laizer, a teacher at Sinoniki Primary School in Engarenaibor ward, was helpless to staunch the stream of dropouts from the school. “Parents discontinue girls’ education to marry them off so that they can get cattle in terms of dowry to compensate for what they lost in 2009,” he explains.

According to the teacher, boys are also compelled to drop out of school by parents who send them across the border to Kenya to tend cattle and get paid a goat at the end of the month.

Sinoniki Primary School is located 10 kilometres from the Tanzania-Kenyan border. “A girl is exchanged for four or five cows. And they use the cows and goats as capital for restarting pastoral life since the drought left them empty handed,” says Laizer.

In 2011 six girls and 10 boys were selected to join secondary education but only one girl made it and the rest were married while the boys proceeded to Kenya to graze cattle.

“The 2009 drought was a baptism of fire to my family,” says Ngaiyok Legilisho Kipainoi, a 35-year-old pastoralist of Mairowa village in Engarenaibor ward. He has two wives and six children who are attending primary school.

The drought cut down his herd from 450 to 200 heads of cattle. Kipainoi recalls with bitterness that he had to sell a cattle for between Sh2,000 and Sh5,000 because buyers of the emaciated stock were after hides and left carcasses for scavenging hyenas to feed on. A healthy cattle goes for up to Sh650,000.

The drought forced many cattle herders to migrate from Longido to Manyara and Ngorogoro areas in search of water and pasture, but would-be host communities were inhospitable.

“In Ngorongoro and Manyara our hosts told us point blank that we should look for refuge elsewhere because we were not accepted there,” recalls Kipainoi. “They said we were Kenyans though we showed them our voter registration identity cards.”

In times of disaster women and children are usually the most vulnerable. For 40-year-old Mrs Nondomi Lesanga: “It was a very trying period. As women, we had to look after children single-handedly. Men left us behind with children and goats,” she said.

Source: The Citizen


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Chana wants environment in ‘Katiba’

Ms. Pindi Chana

By Christopher Majaliwa

THE Constitution and Legal Parliamentary Committee Chairperson, Ms Pindi Chana, has underscored the need to incorporate environmental conservation in the new constitution.

Speaking in a seminar on climate change on Sunday, Ms Chana said it was disappointing that the current constitution does not spell out environmental management issues despite being cross cutting, thus needing premeditated efforts.She said Tanzania was among members of the Kyoto protocol yet the country had no provision safeguarding a healthy environment.

“There are many efforts embarked on to ensure that we fight against rapid climate change but what disappoints is that the current constitution does not contain any provision on environmental conservation,” she said.

For the efforts to be effective, she appealed for existence of laws in the constitution on environment. She insisted that all councils were supposed to have by-laws to that effect.

Ms Chana also said that it was high time government ensured that funds for environmental conservation does not depend on donors but come from internal sources.

The Environment Assistant Director in the Vice President Office, Mr Richard Myungi, said that climate change was a serious problem which if immediate efforts were not taken, the country would incur many losses including severe food insecurity.

Mr Myungi who also doubles as the chairman of a subsidiary body of scientific and technological advice of climate change convention said it was estimated that by 2050 there would be massive urbanization thus it was necessary to fight hard to ensure that the country is not rocked by climate change impacts.

He appealed to the legislators to ensure that they take up their roles in advising the general public on good environmental management, considering that they have high degree of trust and mobilization.

“We believe that MPs could play a pivotal role considering that many countries in the world have been severely hit by climate change.  In Tanzania, the problem is growing and we are, therefore, obliged to fight tooth and nail to rescue this generation from the dreadful climate change,” Mr Myungi said.

The United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) Climate Change Advisor, Mr Amani Ngusaru, drew attention to allocation of adequate funds for addressing climate change noting, allocating meagre budget to address it was an obstacle to ensuring that the country is not affected by climate change.He said that it was less expensive to maintain the environment than addressing climate change effects.

Source: Daily News